Hereditary Eye Diseases

Friday, May 11th, 2012, 1:20 am

Genetic factors are responsible for many eye diseases and conditions. More than sixty percent of cases of blindness among infants are caused by inherited eye diseases. Congenital cataracts and congenital glaucoma are present at birth. Up to forty percent of patients with strabismus (ocular misalignment) have a family history of the condition.
In adults both glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration have been shown to be inherited in many cases. There is evidence that problems such as amblyopia (lazy eye), myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism are genetically determined.
Eye abnormalities are present in one-third of inherited systemic diseases such as Marfan syndrome and Tay Sachs disease. Inherited conditions such as diabetes often have complications involving the eyes. For all of these reasons it is very important to share your family history with your doctor


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